Before I present Lesson #3, which I know I am way behind on, I want to give a little lesson on family relationships.
We have all heard the term "first cousin once removed," but do we all know what that means? Can we identify our first cousin once removed?
In this mini lesson I will try to explain this term and others to help you with your family research.
Lineal relationship: this exists between people who are in the same line, such as you and your parents, your children, your grandchildren, grandparents
Collateral relationship: this exists between people who share a common ancestor, but are not in a direct line, such as you and your siblings, your cousins, nieces, nephews, aunts, uncle.
1st cousin: term applied to your aunt's and uncle's children
2nd cousin: people with the same great-grandparents, but not the same grandparents
3rd cousins and so on: third cousins have the same great-great grandparents; 4th cousins have the same great-great-great grandparents.
Double cousins: a term you might hear; occurs when two brothers marry two sisters-their children would be double cousins to each other.
Removed: distant by degrees in relationship
Once removed: difference of one generation, your 1st cousin's child is your 1st cousin once removed
Twice removed: difference of two generations; your 1st cousin's grandchild is your first cousin twice removed
Paternal: pertaining to the father
Maternal: pertaining to the mother
Granduncle/aunt or great uncle/aunt: your mother's or father's uncle or aunt
Grandnephew/niece: your brother's or sister's grandchild
Affinity: relationship by marriage-not a blood relationship
Consanguinity: blood relationship, can be lineal consanguinity or collateral consanguinity
View the chart I found on Rootsweb.
Try to figure out who some of these people are in your family.